Civil Engineering (CIVIL)
Civil engineering is the oldest engineering discipline. It is considered to be the most resourceful branch among all the engineering branches.
Civil Engineering can be considered as a single largest branch among all the engineering branches.
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, tunnels, airports, dams, and buildings. It offers a vibrant career in the field of planning and designing of cities and towns.
As the pace of urbanization is increasing, there has been a surge in civilizing the infrastructure in big and small cities, resulting in large scale demand of civil engineers.
A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering; the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructure.
Civil engineering takes place on all levels : in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.
Subjects for Study
- Fluid Mechanics
- Soil Mechanics
- Strength of Materials – SOM
- Engineering Geology
- Structural Analysis
- Concrete Technology
- Building Design & Drawing
- Design of Structures
- Structural Mechanics
- Applied Hydraulics
- Transportation Engineering
- Theory of Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete
- Irrigation Engineering
- Quantity Survey, Estimation & Valuation
- Earthquake Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Water recourse Engineering
- Construction Engineering
And then as a civil engineer, you will be building roads, buildings bridges, dams, canals, sea ports, power plants and airports!
There can be further specializations in the field of civil engineering including water resources, environmental, construction, transportation, geo-technical engineering, etc.
The main areas of research include Geotechnical Engineering, Structural Engineering, Hydraulics Engineering, Hydrology, GIS and GPS Systems, Design of Structures, Environmental Engineering, Solid Mechanics and Transportation Engineering. The department also handles consultancy works and projects.
Branches Of Civil Engineering
- Bridge Engineering
- Concrete Engineering
- Highway Engineering
- Marine Engineering
- Piles Engineering
- Prestress Engineering
- Soil Engineering
- Timber Engineering
- Urban Engineering
- Construction Engineering
- Geo-technical Engineering
Pay Scale for Civil Engineers
This sector is looking up these days mainly due to the various infrastructure projects that are in the pipeline for India. It is a challenging profile but very rewarding as well.
In general, a fresh civil engineer can make Rs 20,000 to Rs 30,000 a month.
Someone with 15-20 years of experience can earn Rs 75,000 to Rs 1 lakh a month. In the government sector, the CPWD director general earns Rs 80,000 a month.
Career Scope and Placement Prospects for Civil Engineers
Most people who graduate with civil engineering degree start with jobs that involve a low level of responsibility. Entry-level engineers perform the more routine tasks of analysis or design and interpretation. However, within each branch of civil engineering career path options vary.
A Civil Engineer gets to work in companies like Larsen & Toubro Ltd., Indian Railways, Engineers India Ltd., DRDO, ISRO, SERC, PWD, DLF etc.