Bio – medical Engineering (BIOM)
Bio-medical engineering (BME) is the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical and biologyfield. This field seeks to close the gap between engineering and medicine to improve life quality.
It combines the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to advance healthcare treatment, including diagnosis, monitoring, treatment and therapy.
Bio-medical Engineering is an promising and exciting discipline of engineering that has got incredible potential for research, development and employment.
This engineering branch has an important role in prevention, therapy and remedy, as it combines the main beliefs of two dynamic professions, medicine and engineering. It is an appropriate career for those who have a keen interest in medicine and healthcare.
BME is concerned with the growth and manufacture of prostheses, medical devices, diagnostic devices, drugs and other therapies. This exclusive field encompasses bio-instrumentation, bio-materials, bio-mechanics, medical imaging, genetic engineering, orthopedic surgery, cellular and tissue engineering.
Bio-medical Engineering is getting popular because of the rise in the growing complexity of medical technology around the humanity. And as a result, there is a great demand of trained professionals to bridge the gap between clinical medicine and applied medical technology.
A Bio-medical engineer has to be a skilled in engineering sciences, biological sciences and medical sciences. They must be capable of defining a medical problem in engineering terms and find a solution that satisfies both engineering and clinical requirements. They typically design and develop devices and systems varying from cardiac monitors to clinical computers, artificial hearts to contact lenses, wheel chairs to artificial tendons.These professionals are termed as bio-engineers or Bio-medical engineers.
Much of the work in Bio-medical engineering consists of research and development, across a wide group of subfields. Major Bio-medical engineering applications include the development of biocompatible prostheses, various diagnostic and therapeutic medical devices ranging from clinical equipment to micro-implants, common imaging equipment such as MRIs and EEGs, regenerative tissue growth, pharmaceutical drugs and therapeutic biologicals.
Notable sub disciplines within Bio-medical Engineering -
- Bio-medical Electronics
- Cellular, Tissue, and Genetic Engineering
- Clinical Engineering
- Medical Imaging
- Orthopaedic Bio-engineering
- Rehabilitation engineering
- Systems Physiology
- Neural Engineering
Biologics/Bio-pharmaceuticals (e.g., vaccines, stored blood product), genetic engineering, and various agricultural applications are some major classes of bio-technology.
Clinical engineering is the branch of Bio-medical engineering dealing with the actual implementation of medical equipment and technologies in hospitals or other clinical settings.
Major roles of clinical engineers include training and supervising Bio-medical equipment technicians, selecting technological products/services and logistically managing their implementation, working with governmental regulators on inspections/audits, and serving as technological consultants for other hospital staff.